The difference between HTTP and HTTPS lies in the presence of an additional security layer in HTTPS.
HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol): It is a protocol used for data transmission over the internet. It is not secure by default, meaning data sent and received via HTTP can be accessed by attackers, putting it at risk.
HTTPS (Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure): HTTPS is an enhancement of the regular HTTP protocol with an added security layer. The data transmitted between the browser and the server is encrypted using the SSL/TLS (Secure Sockets Layer/Transport Layer Security) protocol. This provides better protection for data and ensures the privacy and confidentiality of transmitted information.
An SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) certificate is a digital certificate that verifies the identity and credibility of a website and encrypts the data sent and received between the browser and the server. The certificate secures the connection and protects sensitive information like personal details or payment details from unauthorized access.
In addition to data security, an SSL certificate provides trust and credibility. It confirms that the website being accessed is genuine, not a fake, and helps build trust between users and website owners.
In summary, an SSL certificate is used to provide additional security for web connections, encrypt data, protect personal information, and authenticate the identity and credibility of the website.